American Indian Polka
The Tohono O'odham Native Americans of southern Arizona and New Mexico used to be known as the Papago Indians. During the early 1600s their lands were part of Mexico under the Vice Royalty of New Spain. Jesuit missionaries introduced them to the fiddle for use in their Mass. The arrival of German and Polish settlers in the 1850s introduced them to new musical styles which they adopted and adapted to make their own exciting dances and songs.
Elliott Johnson, a Tohono O'odham Native American living in the village of Cababi, wrote this song. It is typical of the unique style of music found in this part of the desert southwest.